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One of the weak sides of the republics, among their numerous advantages, is that they afford too easy an inlet to foreign corruption.
The Emoluments Clause to the United States Constitution frequents the news these days, but what is it and why did the founders include it in the Constitution? The clause states, “No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or Foreign State.” When the Constitutional Convention met to draft the United States Constitution it was important to the drafters that their new nation leave behind and protect against the corruption they had experienced in some European practices. The brand new Americans wanted to avoid corruption resulting from royalty giving gifts and money to politicians, diplomats, legislators, etc. in order to gain influence. The founders saw this danger in the U.S.’s growing relationship with France and in U.S. generals’ acceptance of money from foreign states during the Revolutionary War.
The Electoral College – that sometimes maligned process by which the United States elects a new president – was initially established as a compromise between allowing Congress to vote for the next leader of the country and allowing the popular vote to dictate who would hold the position. The founding fathers did not believe that the general public should be tasked with electing a leader and instead gave that job to a group of experts who would make the decision. This means that when American citizens go to the polls, they aren’t voting for the President directly, but rather each vote helps to decide which candidate will receive that state’s electors. That state’s chosen electors then meet and cast their votes for President and Vice President.
For any new law review or law journal (law review) staff member, one of the first things you learn is how to properly write and edit footnotes. Staff members spend so much of their time editing and writing footnotes that they often forget to ask why they need twice as many footnotes as text. Footnotes exist to allow “the interested reader to test the conclusions of the writer and to verify the source of a challengeable statement.” The creation of the 2:1 footnote ratio began when law professors, trying to get published as frequently as possible in order to gain tenure, realized that student-editors were editing out their creativity in order to force all pieces into the same style. This caused authors to express themselves in their footnotes, a practice which naturally bulked up the footnote section. Additionally, the strong competition among law reviews for lead articles (excluding only law reviews of top tier law schools) combined with the pressure editors are under to fill each issue with a preselected number of pages, helped create a “longer the better” mentality, which contributed to today’s lengthy footnotes.
For many couples, giving birth to a child is the culmination of their relationship. Parenthood is an integral part of the human experience, and when would-be parents find themselves, for one reason or another, unable to conceive, the options are limited. Adoption is an excellent choice, but the hoops through which aspiring parents must jump are often extensive and the process can last for years. Furthermore, the idea of bringing a genetically-related child into the world is a high priority for some. Even if genetics aren’t important, some prospective parents want to know that the child will be carried by a woman who has access to high-quality prenatal care and a family history that doesn’t include drug abuse or mental illness.
Last month, a minor in Belgium became the first to receive a medically assisted death through euthanasia since the country made the practice legal for children in 2014, renewing the conversation on the issue of assisted death and euthanasia.1 Belgium is the second country to legalize euthanasia and the only country that currently allows minors of any age access to euthanasia.2 (more…)
A combination of “bikini” and “burqa,” the Burqini – swimwear that covers all parts of the body except for the face, hands, and feet – remains at the center of a heated controversy in France. Created in 2003 in Australia by Aheda Zanetti, the Burqini was designed as a garment that would be flexible and comfortable for women who adhered to the “Islamic code of dressing” and also wanted to participate in sports.1 According to Zanetti, the idea behind the clothing was to promote freedom and a healthy lifestyle, not to encourage oppression of women.2 Since 2003, the brand has enjoyed a significant amount of success, particularly with women of the Muslim faith, though not exclusively; some secular women choose to wear the garment because it provides protection from sun exposure.3 (more…)